The Journal of School and University Medicine

Revista De Medicina Scolara si Universitara

ISSN (Print): 2392-8344   ISSN (Online): 2392-8875   DOI: 10.51546/JSUM

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Pages: 12-16DOI: 10.51546/JSUM.2022.9402

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001

ATTACHMENT STYLES __ampersandsign SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ADDICTIONS AND OTHER MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

Author: Demian Corina

Category: Medical

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Abstract:

Attachment is a complex system that provides the proximity and care necessary for the child__ampersandsign#39;s survival and fulfills the child__ampersandsign#39;s innate need for safety. From the earliest interactions when parents (attachment figures) comfort the child when she/he feels in danger, each new experience helps her/him to develop secure attachment, and thus the child learns to regulate his emotions and acquire strategies to cope with fear or suffering. If an insecure attachment style (preoccupied/avoidant/disorganized) is aquired, in adulthood people may face difficulties in regulating emotions and stress or may have difficulties in establishing and maintaining relationships. Empirical evidence from cross-sectional, longitudinal and review studies support the assumption that insecure attachment is a risk factor for addictions, but also for other psychopathological disorders. There is growing evidence that addictive disorders can be viewed as a possible expression of an attachment disorder, and the development of secure attachment can lead to better results in the prevention and early interventions of drug-related disorders. Recommended interventions include efficient parenting styles (authoritative/ permissive) training for parents, strengthening the parent-child relationship, ameliorating psychological dysregulation in mid-adolescence, developing adolescents__ampersandsign#39; abilities to self-regulate emotions and to resist to peer pressure.

Keywords: secure/insecure Atachment, Addictions, Interventions

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