<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.2d1 20170631//EN" "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd">
      <JournalTitle>The Journal of School and University Medicine</JournalTitle>
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 9, Issue 4</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>October-December 2022</Season>
          <FirstName>Aynur AYTEKIN</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Fatma YILMAZ</FirstName>
      <Abstract>AIMS: This study was carried out to define the support of the grandmother during the breastfeeding process.&#13;
METHODS: This study with descriptive quality was carried out between January and July 2020 with 305 mothers of six-month and younger babies. The data were collected from four Family Health Centers with high population density in Erzincan city center. The data were collected with a questionnaire form created by the researcher. Percentage, mean, independent groups t-test, analysis of variance and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the data.&#13;
RESULTS: It was found that the mean age for the babies of the mothers was 3.57---PlusMinusSymbol---1.97 and the mean time of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) was 2.95---PlusMinusSymbol---2.24. During the breastfeeding process, it was determined that 76.1% of the mothers got support from the grandmothers during the postpartum period, 66.9% got support for breastfeeding, baby care, housework and hosting visitors during the postpartum period, 28.5% were subjected to recommendations such as breastfeeding more often, expressing their milk, resting more, eating lactogenic food to have more breast milk and staying away from stress, 36.1% did not receive any comments on breastfeeding, 56.4% got nutritional advice rather than breast milk, 32.6% was recommended on water, sherbet and 73.8% had recommended complementary food. It was found that the grandmother__ampersandsign#39;s support during the puerperium and their advice and comments during the breastfeeding process were efficient variables upon the EBF period up to the present (p</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Grandma, breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, nursing</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://revista-medicina-scolara.ro/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=14291&amp;title=THE EFFECT OF GRANDMOTHER__ampersandsign#39;S SUPPORT UPON BREASTFEEDING PROCESS, IN TURKEY</Abstract>
        <References>Bootsri W, Taneepanichskul S. Effectiveness of experiential learning with empowerment strategies and social support from grandmothers on breastfeeding among Thai adolescent mothers Social_Support. Bootsri and Taneepanichskul International Breastfeeding Journal 2017;12(37):1-9.&#13;
	World Health Organization (WHO). Breastfeeding. http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/&#13;
	Jahangeer C, Mamode Khan N, Mamode Khan HM. Analyzing the factors influcing exulisive breastfeeding using the generalized poisson regression model. International journal of mathematical and statistical sciences, 2009;3(6):535-537.&#13;
	Islam J, Baird K, Mazerolle P, Broidy L. Exploring the influence of psychosocial factors on exclusive breastfeeding in Bangladesh. Arch Womens Ment Health 2017;20:173-188.&#13;
	Dhakal S, Lee TH, Nam EW. Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice and Its Association among Mothers of under 5 Children in Kwango District, DR Congo. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017;14(455): 1-8.&#13;
	Draman N, Mohamad N, Yusoff H, Muhamad R. The decision of breastfeeding practices among parents attending primary health care facilities in suburban Malaysia. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences 2017;12(5):412-417.&#13;
	WHO. Global Breastfeeding Scorecard, 2018. Eri?im Adresi: https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/ Eri?im Tarihi: 21.02.2021&#13;
	TNSA, 2018. Eri?im Adresi: http://www.hips.hacettepe.edu.tr/tnsa2018/rapor/ Eri?im Tarihi: 21.02.2021.&#13;
	Susin LR, Giugliani ER, Kummer SC. [Influence of grandmothers on breastfeeding practices]. Rev Saude Publica. 2005;39(2):141-7.&#13;
	Grasleyy J, Eschiti V. Grandmother Breastfeeding Support: What Do Mothers Need and Want? BIRTH 2008; 35(4): 329-335.&#13;
	Ferreira TDM, Piccioni LD, Queiroz PHB, Silva EM, Do Vale IN. Influence of grandmothers on exclusive breastfeeding: Cross-sectional study. Einstein 2018;16(4):1-7.&#13;
	Negin J, Coffman J, Vizintin P, Raynes-Greenow C. The influence of grandmothers on breastfeeding rates: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16:91.&#13;
	Reid J, Schmied V, Beale B. ‘I only give advice if I am asked’: examining the grandmother’s potential to influence infant feeding decisions and parenting practices of new mothers. Women Birth 2010;23(2):74-80.&#13;
	Agunbiade OM, Ogunleye OV. Constraints to exclusive breastfeeding practice among breastfeeding mothers in Southwest Nigeria: implications for scaling up. International Breastfeeding Journal 2012;7(5):1-10.&#13;
	Susin L, Giugliani E, Kummer S. Influence of grandmothers on breastfeeding practices. Rev Saude Pablica 2005; 39(2): 1-6.&#13;
	Ekstrom A, Widstrom AM, Nissen E: Breastfeeding support from partners and grandmothers: perceptions of Swedish women. Birth. 2003;30:261-266.&#13;
	Gharaei T, Amiri-Farahani L, Haghani S, Hasanpoor-Azghady SB. The effect of breastfeeding education with grandmothers’ attendance on breastfeeding self-efficacy and infant feeding pattern in Iranian primiparous women: A quasi-experimental pilot study. Int Breastfeed J. 2020;15(1):1-11.&#13;
	22. Bolukbas N, Erbil N, Altunbas H, Arslan Z. Traditional practices about child care of the mothers who owner 0-12 month baby. JHS. 2009;6(1):164-176.&#13;
	Angelo BHB, Pontes CM, Sette GCS, Leal LP. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of grandmothers related to breastfeeding: a meta-synthesis. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2020;28:e3214.&#13;
	Emmott EH, Mace R. Practical support from fathers and grandmothers is associated with lower levels of breastfeeding in the UK Millennium Cohort Study. PLoS One. 2015;10(7):e0133547.&#13;
	Isbay B, Gercek E. The Importance of Breast Milk and the Effect of Fathers and Grandmothers on Breastfeeding Behavior. Turkiye Klinikleri J Pediatr. 2019;28(2):87-96</References>