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THE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MEDICINE - Volume 6 Issue 3, July - September 2019

Pages: 21-26

Date of Publication: 30-Jul-2019

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Author: Tania Lupsa , Lucia Maria Lotrean

Category: Medical


BACKGROUND: Due to their beneficial effects on health, World Health Organization recommends a daily minimum intake of fruits and vegetables of 400 g, representing 5 servings per day (each

serving containing around 80 g).

AIMS: The present study focuses on the consumption of fruits and vegetables among secondary school children from both urban and rural areas from Cluj county (Romania). It has two objectives. The first one is to evaluate the frequency and quantity for fruit and vegetables consumption among the study sample, while the second objective is to explore several factors which infl uence them.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed through means of anonymous questionnaires among 187 school students aged 11-15 from the fifth to eight grades from Cluj-Napoca and Cuzdrioara.


Promoting of a healthy nutrition among school children has important short term as long as long term consequences on their health, life quality and socio-economical development [1,2,3]. The princi

ples of a healthy nutrition includes consumption of appropriate quantities of fruits and vegetables, meat or other sources of proteins, dairy products, avoiding of consumption in excess of foods high in energy, fat,

RESULTS: It shows that only half of the study sample consumes fruits daily and one third consume vegetables daily. Moreover, the majority eat less than 5 portions of fruits and vegetables daily, with almost half eating less than two portions daily. No differ

ences were found based on age, gender or residence with regard to this issue. The results of the bivariate correlations showed that consumption of more portions of fruits and vegetables per day was positively associated with the level of knowledge, as well as with eating more frequently fruits and vegetables during one week.

CONCLUSIONS: These results underline the need for educational activities targeting school children in order to promote consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Keywords: fruits and vegetables consumption, Romanian children, rural and urban areas, promotion of healthy nutrition


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