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THE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MEDICINE - Volume 5 Issue 3, July 2018

Pages: 25-31

Date of Publication: 30-Jul-2018


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Physiological puberty and precocious puberty.

Particular aspects in school and student medical cabinet

Author: Dr. Pintea Ancuta

Category: Medical

Abstract:

Puberty is an important stage in children and adolescents development. It involves several somatic, hormonal and psycho-affective transformations. The physiological change must be carefully monitored in medical practice for an optimal management of this development.

The starting age of puberty with secondary sexual characteristics development in Caucasians is 11-12 years for girls and 12-13 years for boys. These values are modified compared with previous decades. There are no certain scientific explanations of this fact.

Precocious puberty involves the installation of secondary sexual characteristics before 8 years for girls and 9 years for boys, and needs a good collaboration between the medical doctors, parents and school psychologists.

Depending upon the involvement of the hypothalamic pituitary axis, the precocious puberty can be gonadotropin-dependent puberty (always isosexual) named also the real precocious puberty or gonadotropin-independent (isosexual or heterosexual) named also the false precocious puberty. By recognizing and implementing the right treatment, long-term effects of precocious puberty can be reduced

Keywords: puberty, precocious puberty, school medicine

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