Join us   Log in   bhuluban@gmail.com  


THE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MEDICINE - Volume 9, issue 1, January-March 2022

Pages: 5-10
Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

Exposure to Peer Violence Among Romanian High School Students And Its Relationship With Internet Use And Other Health Risk Behaviors

Author: Lucia Maria Lotrean, Ioana Trifescu, Mira Florea, Rodica Cornean, Romana Vulturar, Codruta Lencu

Category: Medical

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Peer violence can have important physical and psychological consequences.

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed exposure to peer violence among Romanian high school students and investigated its relationship with internet use and other health risk behaviors.

METHODS: A cross sectional study using anonymous questionnaires was performed in the school year 2015/2016 among 220 high school students from Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

RESULTS: Around 9% of the girls, respectively 20% of the boys were involved in a physical fight with a peer in the last year. More than half of both girls and boys declared verbal aggression by peers at least once in the last year, while around one quarter of the participants declared being aggressed in the last year through messages sent by peers by phone or social media platforms. The results of the bivariate correlation analyses show that involvement in physical fights was positively associated with being boy, experimentation with smoking, electronic cigarettes use and getting drunk during lifetime. High school students who declared verbal aggression in the last year had the tendency to spend more time on internet for several purposes, to experiment smoking and alcohol intoxication. Exposure to peer violence through messages sent by phone or social media platforms was more frequents among those spending more time on internet, having social media accounts and getting drunk during lifetime.

CONCLUSIONS: The study shows the need for future investigations in this field as well as the necessity to develop appropriate programs for prevention and decreasing of peer violence among high school students.

Keywords: violence, health risk behaviors, Romanian high school students

DOI: 10.51546/JSUM.2022.9101

DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.51546/JSUM.2022.9101

Full Text:

References:

  1. Inchley J. et al. Growing up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people's health and well-being. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2013/2014 survey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe 2016.
  2. Lotrean LM, Mocean F, Ailoaiei R, Olivo del Valle M. (2011).Violent and destructive behaviour among Romanian secondary and high school students. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology. 2011; I (1): 141-147.
  3. Wilton C, Campbell M. An exploration of the reasons why adolescents engage in traditional and cyber bullying. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 2011; I (2):101-109.
  4. Kowalski RM, Giumetti GW, Schroeder AN, Lattanner MR. Bullying in the digital age: a critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychollogical Bulletin. 2014; 140:1073-1137.
  5. Carter JM, Wilson FL, Kowalski RM, Giumetti GW, Schroeder AN, Lattanner MR. Cyberbullying: a 21st Century Health Care Phenomenon. Pediatric Nursing. 2015; 41:115-125.
  6. Inchley J. et al. Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being. Findings from 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Volume 1. Key findings. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe 2020
  7. Lotrean LM, Man M, Gavrilescu C, FloreaM. Electronic Cigarette Use and Its Relationship with Smoking and Alcohol and Illicit Drug Consumption among Romanian University Students. Medicina. 2021: 57 :137.
  8. Best P, Manktelow R, Taylor B. Online communication, social media and adolescent wellbeing: A systematic narrative review. Child and Youth ices Review, 2014; 41:27-36.
  9. Trifescu I, Stan O, Lotrean, L.M. Differences regarding health risk behaviours between sport club participants and non-participants among Romanian high school students. Balneo Research Journal. 2017; 8(4):220-226.
  10. Modecki KL, Minchin J, Harbaugh AG, Guerra NG, Runions KC. Bullying prevalence across contexts: a meta-analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2014; 55: 602-611.
  11. Lotrean LM, Varga B, Popa M., Man M, Trofor A. Opinions and practices regarding electronic cigarette use among Romanian high school students. Gaceta Sanitaria. 2016; 30 (5):366-369.
  12. Stoddard SA, Epstein-Ngo Q, Walton MA. et al. Substance use and violence among youth: a daily calendar analysis. Substunce Use and Misuse. 2015; 50 (3): 328-339.
  13. Cosma A., Walsh SD, Chester KL, Callaghan C. et al. Bullying victimization: time trends and the overlap between traditional and cyberbullying across countries in Europe and North America. International Journal of Public Health. 2020: 65 (1):75-85.
  14. Mulder RH, Walton E, Neumann A, et al. Epigenomics of being bullied: changes in DNA methylation following bullying exposure. Epigenetics. 2020; 15 (6):750-764.
  15. Ouellet-Morin I, Wong CC, Danese A, et al. Increased serotonin transporter gene (SERT) DNA methylation is associated with bullying victimization and blunted cortisol response to stress in childhood: a longitudinal EPIGENETICS 761 study of discordant monozygotic twins. Psychological Medicine. 2013: 43:1813–1823.
  16. Efstathopoulos P, Andersson F, Melas PA., et al. NR3C1 hypermethylation in depressed and bullied adolescents. Translational Psychiatry. 2018; 8:121
  17. Sharp AL, Prosser LA, Walton M, Blow FC, Chermack ST, Zimmerman MA, Cunningham R. Cost analysis of youth violence prevention. 2014; 133(3):448-453.
  18. Bjeloševi? E, Bjeloševi? S, Hadžikapetanovi? H.Peer Violence as a Problem of the Modern Society. Psychiatria Danubina. 2020; 32 (Suppl 3): 371-377.
  19. Boer M., van den Eijnden RJ, Boniel-Nissim M, et al. Adolescents' Intense and Problematic Social Media Use and Their Well-Being in 29 Countries. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2020; 66: 89-99.
  20. Pham T, Adesman A. Teen victimization: prevalence and consequences of traditional and cyberbullying. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2015; 27 (6):748-756.